California Food Assistance Program (CFAP)

The California Food Assistance Program (CFAP) is a state funded program that provides benefits equivalent to CalFresh to qualified immigrants who are not eligible for CalFresh.  [See Immigrant Eligibility for CalFresh.]

Legal noncitizens of the United States can be eligible for CFAP if they are not eligible for federal Supplemental Nutrition Assistance benefits, based solely on their immigration status under the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, as amended by the Food Stamp Reauthorization Act of 2002.  [Welf. & Inst. Code § 18930(b)(1); MPP § 63-403.1.]  Battered immigrant spouse or child or the parent or child of the battered immigrant, and Cuban-Haitian Entrants, are also eligible for CFAP.  [Welf. & Inst. Code § 18930(b)(2).]

In addition, victims of severe trafficking victims, and “U” visa (crime victims) applicants who are ineligible for federal CalFresh benefits on the basis of their immigration status are eligible for CFAP. [Welf. & Inst. Code §§ 18945; ACL 06-60 and 08-15; ACIN I-41-07; see MPP § 63-403.11 (placing trafficking and crime victims program as part of CFAP).]  Procedures for determining eligibility based on severe trafficking or U Visa application are located at MPP §§ 42-431.23 – .6.  [MPP § 63-403.11 (Incorporating Manual of Policy and Procedure Division 42 rules Trafficking and Crime Victims Protection Act for CFAP trafficking victims and U Visa applicants eligibility).]

In general, CalFresh program rules apply to CFAP.  [MPP § 63-403.2.]

In general, CFAP recipients are subject to the Able Bodied Adults Without Dependents (ABAWD) rules, unless waived not applicable.  [Welf. & Inst. Code § 18930.5; MPP § 63-403.3.] However, trafficking victims, crime victims and domestic violence survivors are not subject to the ABAWD rules.  [MPP § 63-403.31.]

Trafficking victims, crime victims and domestic violence survivors are not required to have a Social Security Number to be eligible for CFAP.  [MPP § 63-403.211.]

CFAP incorporates the sponsor deeming rules for the CalFresh Program.  [Welf. & Inst. Code § 18930(d)(1).]  However, sponsor deeming for CFAP is limited to 3 years. [MPP § 63-403.2.]  CFAP also has additional exemptions from sponsor deeming for death of the sponsor, disability of the sponsor as defined for purposes of an exemption from CalWORKs welfare-to-work requirements in Welfare and Institutions Code § 11320.3(a)(3)(A), victim of abuse by the sponsor, or the spouse of the sponsor if the spouse is living with the sponsor.  [Welf. & Inst. Code § 18930(b)(3).]

Humanitarian parolees for less than one year are ineligible for CFAP, while humanitarian parolees for one year or more may be eligible for CFAP or CalFresh.  [ACIN I-40-22, I-40-22E.]